Minimum Wages Act 1948, which is imposed for the facilities and for the rights of employees. In this act, parliament has the main concern about the labour class of India and along with that they also focus on the minimum wages that need to be paid to every worker. However, the wages of the worker depends upon the position of the worker in the company and the skills that he has with them.
The terms that is mentioned by the parliament of India for this act is living for wages and in this part, they worked upon the facilities and the privileges that are given to the workers for their livelihood and for a good health. Therefore, for a company it is compulsory to give enough incentives to workers from which he can take care of their family and get a healthy lifestyle.
What is Fair Wage?
Now the first thing that we need to understand is the real meaning of Fair wage. Fair Wage is not like a payment that is important from the point of view of employment but it also considers the increasing growth of the industry and the various promotions that an employee expect from the side of the company. However, this law was imposed in 1948 in the parliament and a separate committee was assigned to deal with all the problems and the decision taken for this law.
This committee is named as Tripartite Committee for fair wages and this committee not only ensures the actions but also come forward to help the labours for getting a fair wage from the company. Along with the fair wages, they also ensure that the company will take care of their health and train them properly so that there would be no such problem cause to them while working.
Minimum Wages Act
This act was imposed in 1948 and after this central and state government has the right to fix the wages for the labour class. Along with that, only these two governmental bodies have the power to make any kind of changes in wages but the only limitation for them is that they need to take the decision which is in the favour to the labour and no one will get affected with it. Another power, which is given to the state and central government, is that they can review this act anytime and can make several investigations towards it.
In these investigations, the central boards check few points and decided whether it is according to the rule or not. Like they check the medical assistance given by the company to the labour, the number of calories used by the worker in a day and the pay is according to the level of work or not. If the labour has family then the company needs to pay at least the minimum wage from which the labour can feed their families and can take care of their family.
The other things that holds importance in this act is the minimum wage fixed by the government in that particular state as every state has their own minimum wage ratio and it depends upon the taxes and the level of expenses for a normal family. Along with that they also mention the level of the company and how much they can pay to their labours as the company who have higher profits will pay higher amounts to their labour while the company who have slightly fewer profits will pay a little less.
If we look at the statically data then the highest pay that is decided for the labour is 322 rupees per day which are recorded in Andaman and Nicobar. At the same place if we look at the lowest wages recorded then it is 38 per day, which is in Tripura. However, if we look at the data that is collected in 2017, then a sweeper in Mumbai gets about 348 rupees in the day, which is a quite good amount for a labour class person.
Issues caused by this Act
The first issue is that according to some reports there are 42 per cent labours who comes below the minimum wages s\fixed by the government. In addition, if we look at the wages rates for women’s then it is slightly less than the men are the main reason behind it is that they are considered as slightly lower than men are. Along with the women, the people who are illiterate or working in small industries also have lower wages than fixed wages.
However, if we look at the agricultural sector then, they have wages above than minimum wages whereas the workers who work under the construction companies have slightly lower wages. This uneven distribution of wages makes several conflicts and even causes problems for many workers.
Conflicts between MGNREGA act
As there was, a scheme named as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, which is imposed by the government in earlier years. In this scheme, the government made some regulations that are in favour of the workers but in 2009, this scheme was replaced by the minimum wages act. However, it is considered as the modified model of MGNREGA act but still, there are some of the privileges that are taken back by the government.
However, in this scheme, the minimum wages were increased but this thing caused heavy losses to the central government. This is the main reason why the government tried to make several amendments in it but these problems continued until now.
Conclusion With the final words, we conclude that here we have discussed about some of the important parts that are related to the minimum wages act 1948. The points that we have covered in this article are: we have discussed about the real meaning of fair wages, the issues that are faced by the labour class workers, several conflicts that occur between MGNREGA and minimum wages act. Therefore, we hope that you will surely get some very important information from this article. ask a lawyer online free