Labour Law is the law which shows the relationship between the employer and employee. This mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions, and government. Basically, labour law covers two main areas, one is working conditions and another is informing and consulting labourers.
Key Points to Deal
There are important labour laws which deal with all the points which are important for the labourers.
Laws related to Industrial Relations
- Employee State Insurance Act: There is an ESI card issued to labourers insuring them against any accident at work. Issued by the ESI Corporation.
- Employee Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Acts: In this fund, the employee pays a part of his wage and the equal contribution is given by the employer. It is mandatory and the funds are transferred after the retirement of the employee.
Laws related to Factories
- Child Labour Act: this act prohibits the working of underage children I.e. below the age of 14 years. (In hazardous jobs)
- Industrial Disputes Act: the industries with 100 employed people can not terminate them before getting approval from the government.
Minimum Wages Act:
- Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act: The service of the labour is taken by paying him or her or the leader a full payment of the whole year. It is still present in businesses like the Bricks Kilns.
- Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970: This act makes an attempt to abolish discrimination in certain circumstances for the contract labours against the direct labours.
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